Aṅguttara Nikāya

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Aṅguttara Nikāya
4. Catukka Nipāta
IV. Cakka Vagga

Sutta 38

Patilīna Suttaɱ


Translated from the Pali by Thanissaro Bhikkhu.
Sourced from the edition at dhammatalks.org

For free distribution only.



[1][pts][bodh] "Monks, a monk who has shaken off idiosyncratic truths [pacceka-sacca],[1] who has thoroughly given up searching, who is calmed in his bodily fabrication,[2] is said to be detached.

"And how has a monk shaken off idiosyncratic truths?

There is the case where a monk has shaken off the run-of-the-mill idiosyncratic truths of run-of-the-mill contemplatives and brahmans — in other words, 'The cosmos is eternal,' 'The cosmos is not eternal,' 'The cosmos is finite,' 'The cosmos is infinite,' 'The soul and the body are the same,' 'The soul is one thing and the body another,' 'After death a Tathāgata exists,' 'After death a Tathāgata does not exist,' 'After death a Tathāgata both does and does not exist,' 'After death a Tathāgata neither does nor does not exist.'

All of these he has thrown off, shaken off, renounced, vomited up, let go, abandoned, relinquished.

This is how a monk has shaken off idiosyncratic truths.

"And how has a monk thoroughly given up searching?

There is the case where a monk has abandoned his search for sensuality, has abandoned his search for becoming, and has allayed his search for a holy life.[3]

This is how a monk has thoroughly given up searching.

"And how is a monk calmed in his bodily fabrication?

There is the case where a monk, with the abandoning of pleasure and pain — as with the earlier disappearance of elation and distress — enters and remains in the fourth jhāna: purity of equanimity and mindfulness, neither pleasure nor pain.

This is how a monk is calmed in his bodily fabrication.

"And how is a monk detached?

There is the case where a monk's conceit, 'I am,' is abandoned, its root destroyed, made like a palmyra stump, deprived of the conditions of development, not destined for future arising.

This is how a monk is detached."

Sensuality-search, becoming-search,
together with the holy-life search —
i.e., grasping at 'such is the truth'
based on an accumulation
of viewpoints:
Through the relinquishing of searches
and the abolishing of viewpoints
of one dispassionate to
all passion,
and released in the ending
of craving,
he, a monk
peaceful, mindful,
calmed, undefeated,
with the breaking-through of conceit,
is said to be


[1] Pacceka can also mean "singular" or "personal." Idiosyncratic truths are the opposite of noble truths, which are universal. See Sn 4:8 and Sn 4:12.

[2] "Bodily fabrication" (kāya-saṅkhāra) is a technical term for the in-and-out breath. See MN 44. On the stilling of the in-and-out breath as a defining feature of the fourth jhāna, see SN 36:11, AN 9:31, and AN 10:72. The definition of the calming of bodily fabrication given in this sutta helps to explain what is meant by the fourth step in mindfulness of breathing: "He trains himself, 'I will breathe in calming bodily fabrication.' He trains himself, 'I will breathe out calming bodily fabrication.'" See MN 118.

[3] On these three searches, see Iti 54–55. The Commentary to this sutta says that the search for a holy life is allayed with the path of arahantship, although the search for a holy life in the form of views subsides earlier with the path of stream-entry.



Of Related Interest:

AN 10:20


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