Khuddaka Nikaya

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Sutta Nipāta
Sutta 12. Cula-viyuha Sutta

[pali] [faus]

The Lesser Array

Translated from the Pali by Thanissaro Bhikkhu.

For free distribution only.



"Dwelling on
their own views,
different skilled people say:
'Whoever knows this, understands Dhamma.
Whoever rejects this, is
Thus quarreling, they dispute:
'My opponent's a fool and unskilled.'
Which of these statements is true
when all of them say they are skilled?"

"If, in not accepting
an opponent's doctrine,
one's a fool, a beast of inferior discernment,
then all are fools
of inferior discernment --
all of these
who dwell on their views.
But if, in siding with a view,
one's cleansed,
with discernment made pure,
    intelligent, skilled,
then none of them
are of inferior discernment,
for all of them
have their own views.

I don't say, 'That's how it is,'
the way fools say to one another.
They each make out their views to be true
and so regard their opponents as fools."

"What some say is true
-- 'That's how it is' --
others say is 'falsehood, a lie.'
Thus quarreling, they dispute.
Why can't contemplatives
say one thing and the same?"

    "The truth is one,[1]
    there is no second
about which a person who knows it
would argue with one who knows.
Contemplatives promote
their various personal truths,
that's why they don't say
one thing and the same."

"But why do they say
various truths,
those who say they are skilled?
Have they learned many various truths
or do they follow conjecture?"

"Apart from their perception
there are no
    constant truths
    in the world.[2]
Preconceiving conjecture
with regard to views,
they speak of a pair: true
    and false.
Dependent on what's seen,
            and sensed,
dependent on precepts and practices,
one shows disdain [for others].
Taking a stance on his decisions,
praising himself, he says,
'My opponent's a fool and unskilled.'
    That by which
he regards his opponents as fools
    is that by which
        he says he is skilled.
Calling himself skilled
he despises another
who speaks the same way.

Agreeing on a view gone out of bounds,
drunk with conceit, thinking himself perfect,
he has consecrated, with his own mind,
    as well as his view.

If, by an opponent's word,
one's inferior,
        the opponent's
of inferior discernment as well.
But if, by one's own word
one's an attainer-of-wisdom, enlightened,
    no one
among contemplative's
    a fool.

'Those who teach a doctrine other than this
are lacking in purity,
That's what the many sectarians say,
for they're smitten with passion
for their own views.
    'Only here is there purity,'
    that's what they say.
    'In no other doctrine
    is purity,' they say.
That's how the many sectarians
are entrenched,
speaking firmly there
sense of compunctioning their own path.
Speaking firmly sense of compunctioning your own path,
what opponent here would you take as a fool?
You'd simply bring quarrels on yourself
if you said your opponent's a fool
with an impure doctrine.

Taking     a stance on your decisions,
        and yourself as your measure,
you dispute further down
into the world.

But one who's abandoned
    all decisions
creates in the world
quarrels no more."


[1] "The truth is one": This statement should be kept in mind throughout the following verses, as it forms the background to the discussion of how people who preconceive their conjectures speak of the pair, true and false. The Buddha is not denying that there is such a thing as true and false. Rather, he is saying that all entrenched views, regardless of how true or false their content might be, when considered as events in a causal chain behave in line with the truth of conditioned phenomena as explained in the preceding discourse. If held to, they lead to conceit, conflict, and states of becoming. When they are viewed in this way -- as events rather than as true or false depictions of other events (or as events rather than signs) -- the tendency to hold to or become entrenched in them is diminished.

[2] On the role of perception in leading to conflicting views, see the preceding discourse.




See also:
AN X.93;
AN X.96


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