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Saɱyutta Nikāya
5. Mahā-Vagga
55. Sot'Āpatti Saɱyutta
5. Sagātha-Puññā-Bhisanda Vagga

The Book of the Kindred Sayings
5. The Great Chapter
55. Kindred Sayings on Streamwinning
5. Flood of Merit with Verses

Sutta 43

Tatiya Abhisanda or Sayhaka or Asaṅkheyya Suttaɱ

Flood or Capacious (c)

Translated by F. L. Woodward

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[1] Thus have I heard:

On a certain occasion the Exalted One addressed the monks,


"Yes, lord," replied those monks to the Exalted One.

The Exalted One said:

"Monks, there are these four floods of merit,
floods of good things,
that bring happiness.

What are the four?

Herein, monks, the Ariyan disciple is blessed with unwavering loyalty to the Buddha,

'He it is the Exalted One,
a fully Enlightened One,
perfect in knowledge and practice,
a Happy One,
unsurpassed charioteer
of men to be tamed,
teacher of devas and mankind,
a Buddha,
an Exalted One.'

That is the first flood of merit.

He is blessed
with unwavering loyalty to the Norm,

'Well proclaimed by the Exalted One
is the Norm,
seen in this very life,
a thing not involving time,
inviting one to come and see,
leading onward,
to be known for themselves
by the wise.'

That is the second flood of merit.

He is blessed
with unwavering loyalty to the Order,

'Walking righteously is the Exalted One's Order,
walking uprightly,
walking in the right way,
walking dutifully
is the Exalted One's Order of Disciples:
the four pairs of men,
the eight sorts of men.

That is the Exalted One's Order of Disciples.

Worthy of honour are they,
worthy of reverence,
worthy of offerings,
worthy of salutations with clasped hands, -
a field of merit unsurpassed for the world.'

That is the third flood of merit.

Moreover he is a sage,
possessed of insight into the rise and fall of things,
insight which is Ariyan,
going on to the utter destruction of ill.

That is the fourth flood of merit.

These are the four floods.

Now it is no easy thing
to reckon up the measure of merit
that accrues to the Ariyan disciple
who is blessed with these four floods of merit,
these four floods of good things,
that bring happiness.

One cannot say they are thus and thus in quantity.

Nay, they are only to be described in terms like

Thus spake the Exalted One.



Desiring merit, in the good set firm,
Who cultivates the way to reach the Deathless,
He, winning to the essence of the Norm,[1]
Rejoicing in destruction of the taints,[2]
Quakes not to think: The Lord of Death will come.


[1] Dhamnā-sārādhigamo. Comy. 'The Ariyan Norm is called sāra; dh. sār. is to reach the fruits of it.'

[2] Khaye rato = kilesa-kkhaye rato. Comy.

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