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Saɱyutta Nikāya
II. Nidāna Vagga
XXI. Bhikkhu Saɱyutta

The Book of the Kindred Sayings
II. The Nidana Book
21. The Kindred Sayings about Brethren

Sutta 10


Senior by Name

Translated by Mrs. Rhys Davids
Assisted by F. L. Woodward

Originally Published by
The Pali Text Society
Public Domain


[282] [192]

[1][than][bodh] Thus have I heard:

The Exalted One was once staying at Rajagaha in the Bamboo Grove at the Squirrels' Feeding-ground.

[2][than] Now at that time a certain brother by name Senior[1] wa living alone and was commending such a life.

He entered the village alone for alms,
he returned alone,
alone he sat in private [meditation]
and alone he practised his terrace-walk.

[3-4][than] The a number of brethren went into the presence of the Exalted One
[4][than] and told him of this brother's mode of life.

[5][than]And the Exalted One spoke to a certain brother saying: —

'Come thou, brother,
tell my word to Brother Senior: —
"The Master, friend Senior, calls for thee."'

'So be it, lord,' responded the brother, and called the venerable Senior.

[6][than] 'So be it, friend,' responded the venerable Senior, and he came into the presence of the Exalted One,
[7][than]saluted him,
and sat down beside him.

[8][than]To him so seated the Exalted One said: —

'Is it true what they say, Senior, that you are living uite alone and commending such a life?'

'That is so, lord.

[9][than]'What sort of life is this that you lead and commend?'

[10][than]'It is this, lord, that I enter the village alone for alms, return alone, sit alone [to meditate], and perform the terrace-walk alone.'

[11][than]'That is livig alone, Senior; I do not say it is not so. But further, there is a way of perfecting the solitary life in detail which I will tell you.

Listen well and give your mind thoroughly.'

'Even so, lord.'

[12][than]How, Senior, is the solitary life perfected in detai?

It is when that which is past is put away; when that which is future is given up, and when, with regard to present self-states that we have got, will and passion have been thoroughly mastered.

It is thus, Senior, that the solitary life is perfected in detail.'

[13][than]The Exalted One spake this.

The Wellfarer so saying, the Master spake this yet further: —

Who overcometh all, who understandeth all,
Whoso is very wise, in all things undefiled,
Who all abandoning, in death of craving free,[2]
That is the man of whom I'd say, 'He lives alone.'


[1] Thera

[2] Craving is sometimes called one's 'second' (alter ego or mate). Cf. Pss. of the Brethren, verse 54, 1091; Majjhima i, 171.

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