Passion, Enthusiasm, Excitement
The Seventh Lesson
PTS: Majjhima Nikaya III #118: Mindfulness When Breathing, Horner trans., pp127
WP: The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha, #118: Mindfulness of Breathing, Nanamoli/Bodhi, trans., pp946
PTS, Dialogues of the Buddha II: #22: Setting-Up of Mindfulness, Rhys Davids, trans, pp336
WP: The Long Discourses of the Buddha 22: The Greater Discourse on the Foundations of Mindfulness;
[DN 1] 1 n.81.
PTS: The Book of the Gradual Sayings II: The Book of the Fours, II: Deportment iv: Restraint, Woodward, trans, pp16
ATI: Wings to Awakening
Puremind Publishers, Bhante Madawela Punnaji, Awakening Meditation, pp4-7
|Pali||MO||Hare||Horner||Punnaji||Bodhi||Nanamoli||Rhys Davids||(Mrs)Rhys Davids||Thanissaro||Walshe||Woodward|
|Piiti||Enthusiasm, passion, excitement||zest for joy||rapture and joy, rapture||Rapture, mental happiness||rapture||rapture, rapture and pleasure||joy||Entheusiasm (KS I, pp23 n.), Rapture||Rapture||delight||zest|
Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede
Piiti: [cp. Class. Sk. priiti & Vedic priita pp. of p.rii...] emotion of joy, delight, zest, exuberance. -Classed under sankhaarakkhandha, not vedanaa-. - D I.37, 75; III.241, 265, 288; M I.37; S II.30; IV.236; A III.26, 285 sq.; IV.411, 450; V.1 sq., 135, 311 sq., 333 sq.;...In series piiti passaddhi samaadhi upekkhaa under sambojjhanga (with eleven means of cultivation: see Vism 132...). -- Phrase piitiyaa sariira'n pharati "to pervade or thrill the body with joy" (aor. phari), at J I.33; V.494;...; all passages refer to piiti as the fivefold piiti, pa~ncava.n.naa piiti, or joy of the 5 grades..., viz. khuddikaa (slight sense of interest), kha.nikaa (momentary joy), okkantikaa (oscillating interest, flood of joy), ubbegaa (ecstasy, thrilling emotion), and phara.naa piiti (interest amounting to rapture, suffusing joy)....-- piiti as niraamisa (pure) and saamisa (material) at M III.85; S IV.235.
-paamojja joy and gladness A III.181. 307 (*pamujja);...
-phara.nataa state of being pervaded with joy, joyous rapture, ecstasy D III.277;...
-bhakkha feeding on joy (Ep. of the Abhassara Devas) D I.17; III.28, 84, 90; A V.60;...A I.110;...
-mana joyful-hearted, exhilarated, glad of heart or mind M I.37; III.86; S I.181; A III.21; V.3;...
-rasa taste or emotion of joy...
-sambojjhanga the joy-constituent of enlightenment M III.86; D III.106, 226, 252, 282....
-sukha zest and happiness, intrinsic joy...S I.203; D III.131, 222;...
 "Niraamisa and saamisa" "without-meat, with-meat" or with or without carnality. This, it is my contention, is the clue to the translation of this term, that is to say that Piti, whatever it is, has a carnal side, and that must be accounted for in the translated term. I believe the best term is probably "excitement". I usually use "enthusiasm" to avoid having to explain that this is a good kind of excitement, not a distracted sort.
Walshe [The Long Discourses of the Buddha, 1, n.81]: "Piiti: a difficult word to translate. Renderings vary from 'interest' through 'zest' to 'rapture'. It is classified not as a feeling (vedanaa) but as part of the group of mental formations (sankhaaraa), i.e. as a mental reaction. BDic says: 'It may be described psychologically as "joyful interest"' - for which the simplest term would seem to be 'delight'.