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Digha Nikaya #33: Sangiti Sutta 3s#20 PTS: pp288; and The Compilation 3s#20, MO, trans.
WP, Walshe, trans, The Long Discourses of the Buddha, #33, pp484
The Eighth Lesson
[MN 9]
WP: The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha, #9: Right View, Bhikkhu Nanamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi, trans, pp134
Glossology: The Cattari Ariya Saccani which is "Samma Ditthi"
Puremind, M. Punnaji, Awakening Meditation, pp8-56
All The Asavas Outline of Majjhima I:#2: Sabbasavasutta
AIT: All the Fermentations, MN I:2, Thanissaro, trans.
WP: The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha, Translated by Bhikkhu Nanamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi, All the Taints, pp 91
PTS: The Collection of The Middle Length Sayings, Translated by I.B. Horner, Discourse on All the Cankers, pp8
PTS: The Book of the Gradual Sayings, III, v (75): The Warrior, Hare, trans., pp76
PTS: The Book of the Kindred Sayings, V, The Great Chapter, Kindred Sayings on the Way, iii: Asava, Woodward, trans., pp45
The 10th Lesson: The Destruction of the Asavas

Pāḷi MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
Diṭṭhi View, View Theory, Perspective, Working Hypothesis view view Perspective view view view, eroneous opinion view, eroneous opinion view View[ 1 ] view


Pāḷi Text Society
Pāḷi English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede

Diṭṭhi: view, belief, dogma, theory, speculation, esp. false theory, groundless or unfounded opinion.

(a) The latter is rejected by the Buddha as pāpa* (A IV.172) and pāpikā d. ...; whereas the right, the true, the best doctrine is as sammā d. the first condition to be complied with by anyone entering the Path. As such the sammā d. is opposed to micchā d. wrong views or heresy....

(b) Characterized more especially as:

(i) sammā diṭṭhi right doctrine, right philosophy Vin I.10; S II.17; V.11, 14, 30 sq., 458 sq., M I.315; II.12, 29, 87; III.72...

(ii) micchā d. wrong theory, false doctrine S I.145; II.153 (caused by avijjā); M III.71;.... -- The foll. theories are to be considered as varieties of micchā d., viz. (in limited enumn) akiriyavāda S III.208; IV.349; aññaṅ aññena S III.211; antaggāhikā A I.154; II.240; III.130; ant¢nantikā D I.22 sq. S III.214, 258 sq.; assādaḥ A III.447; ahetukavādā S III.210; uccheda-vādā D I.34; S II.20; III.99; 110 sq.; bhava* S III.93; M I.65; A I.83; sakkāya* A III.438; V.144...; sassata-vādā D I.13; S II.20; III.98, 213 sq., 258 sq.

(iii) Various theories & doctrines are mentioned & discussed at: Vin I.115; S I.133; II.61 sq., 75 sq., 222; III.215 sq., 258 sq.; IV.286; V.448 (=D I.31); D III.13 sq., 45, 246, 267; M I.40; A I.32; II.252 sq.; III.132, 289, 349....

(iv) Miscellaneous: 4 diṭṭhiyo at Vism 511 (sakkāya*, uccheda*, sassata*, akiriya*).... Coupled with vācā & citta in formula (ta?) vācaṅ appahāya citta? appahāya diṭṭhiṅ appaṭinissajjitvā . . . (nikkhitto evaṅ niraye) at S IV.319= D III.13, 15; combd with (& opposed to) sīla (as pāpaka & bhaddaka). -- diṭṭhiṅ āsevati to hold a view M I.323; * bhindati to give up a view J I.273; Davs II.58.

-āsava the intoxicant of speculation, the 3rd of four āsavā, viz. kāma*, bhava*, d.*, avijjā* Vin III.5; cp. *ogha;

-upadānā taking up or adhering to false doctrines, the 2nd of the four upādānāni or attachments, viz. kāma*, d.*, sīlabbata*, attavāda* D III.230...

-ogha the flood of false doctrine, in set of four ogha's as under *āsava D III.230, 276...

-jāla the net of sophistry D I.46...

-saṅyojana the fetter or bond of empty speculation (cp. *anusaya) D III.254; A IV.7 sq.;

-samudaya the origin of wrong views A IV.68;

-sampadā success in theory, blessing of right views, attainment of truth D III.213; 235 (opp. *vipatti), S V.30 sq.; A I.95, 269; III.438; IV.238...

-sampanna endowed with right views S II.43, 58, 80; V.11; A III.438 sq.; IV.394... Dialogues iii.206, n. 10;


[ 1 ] Samma-ditthi This, or 'Right Seeing' is the literal rendering ('Right Vision' would be an unwise rendering, because liable to be misleading!). Ditthi here is a singular, and denotes 'seeing things as they really are', whereas 'views' in the plural are always wrong. It should be noted that when not prefixed with the word sammā, ditthi means 'speculative opinions', and the like, which are not based on 'seeing things as they really are'. The formal opposite of sammā-ditthi is micchā-ditthi, a term generally reserved for especially pernicious views... Samma-ditthi and the rest are sometimes rendered 'Perfect View', and so on, but this only refers to the supramundane path as described in MN 117.


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