Khuddaka Nikaya

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Chapter XVI — The Twenties





Translated from the Pali by Thanissaro Bhikkhu.

For free distribution only.



Translator's note: The verses here fall into three sections, with the first two relating to Ratthapala's story as told in MN 82. In the first, Ratthapala is addressing his father after the latter had tried to use wealth and Ratthapala's former wives to lure Ratthapala into disrobing. In the second section, Ratthapala is talking to King Koravya, who had asked him why he had ordained when he was still young and healthy, and had suffered no loss of relatives or wealth.

The third section of verses here does not occur in MN 82.



Look at the image beautified,
a heap of festering wounds, shored up:
ill, but the object
  of many resolves,
where there is nothing
  lasting or sure.[1]

Look at the form beautified
with earrings and gems:
  a skeleton wrapped in skin,
  made attractive with clothes.

Feet reddened with henna,
a face smeared with powder:
  enough to deceive a fool,
  but not a seeker for the further shore.

Hair plaited in eight pleats,
eyes smeared with unguent:
  enough to deceive a fool,
  but not a seeker for the further shore.

Like a newly painted unguent pot — a putrid body adorned:
  enough to deceive a fool,
  but not a seeker for the further shore.

The hunter set out the snares,
but the deer didn't go near the trap.
Having eaten the bait,
  we go,
  leaving the hunters
   to weep.

The hunter's snares are broken;
the deer didn't go near the trap.
Having eaten the bait,
   we go,
  leaving the hunters
   to grieve.[2]




I see in the world
  people with wealth
who, from delusion,
  don't make a gift
  of the treasure they've gained.
Greedy, they stash it away,
hoping for even more
sensual pleasures.

A king who, by force,
has conquered the world
and rules over the earth
to the edge of the sea,
dissatisfied with the ocean's near shore,
  longs for the ocean's
  far shore as well.

Kings and others
  — plenty of people —
go to death with craving
  unabated. Unsated,
they leave the body behind,
having not had enough
of the world's sensual pleasures.

One's relatives weep
and pull out their hair.
'Oh woe, our loved one is dead,' they cry.
Carrying him off,
wrapped in a piece of cloth,
they place him
  on a pyre,
  then set him on fire.

So he burns, poked with sticks,
in just one piece of cloth,
leaving all his possessions behind.
They are not shelters for one who has died —
  not relatives,
  or companions.

His heirs take over his wealth,
while the being goes on,
in line with his kamma.
No wealth at all
follows the dead one —
  not children, wives,
  dominion, or riches.

Long life
can't be gotten with wealth,
nor aging
warded off with treasure.
The wise say this life
is next to nothing —
  subject to change.

The rich and the poor
touch the touch of Death.
The foolish and wise
are touched by it, too.
But while fools lie as if slain by their folly,
the wise don't tremble
when touched by the touch.

Thus the discernment by which
one attains to mastery,
is better than wealth —
for those who haven't reached mastery
go from existence to existence,
  out of delusion,
  doing bad deeds.

One goes to a womb
and to the next world,
falling into the wandering on
   — one thing
  after another —
while those of weak discernment,
  trusting in one,
also go to a womb
and to the next world.

Just as an evil thief
caught at the break-in
  is destroyed
  by his own act,
so evil people
  — after dying, in the next world —
  are destroyed
  by their own acts.

Sensual pleasures —
  sweet —
in various ways disturb the mind.
Seeing the drawbacks in sensual objects:
that's why, O king, I went forth.

Just like fruits, people fall
  — young and old —
at the break-up of the body.
Knowing this, O king,
  I went forth.
The contemplative life is better
  for sure.[3]




Out of conviction,
  I went forth
equipped with the Victor's message.
Blameless[4] was my going-forth:
Debtless I eat my food.

Seeing sensuality as burning,
   gold as a knife,
  pain in the entry into the womb
  and great danger in hells —
seeing this peril, I was then dismayed —
pierced (with dismay), then calmed
on attaining effluents' end.

The Teacher has been served by me;
the Awakened One's bidding,
the heavy load,  laid down;
the guide to becoming,[5] uprooted.
And the goal for which I went forth
from home life into homelessness
I've reached:
    the end
    of all fetters.


[1] This verse = Dhp 147

[2] This verse is not contained in MN 82.

[3] The verses in MN 82 end here.

[4] Avajjaa. The Burmese and Sinhalese editions of the Pali Canon read avañjhaa, or "not barren."

[5] The guide to becoming is craving.




See also: MN 82


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