VIII. Aṭṭhaka Nipāta
IV. Dāna Vagga
The Book of the Gradual Sayings
The Book of the Eights
IV: On Giving
Grounds for Giving
Translated from the Pali by E.M. Hare.
Once the Exalted One was dwelling near Sāvatthī,
at Jeta Grove,
in Anāthapiṇḍika's Park.
There the Exalted One addressed the monks, saying:
"Yes, lord," they replied, and the Exalted One said:
"Monks, there are these eight grounds for giving.
One gives alms out of impulse;
one gives out of exasperation;
one gives under a misapprehension;
one gives from fear;
one gives thinking:
"That was previously given and done by my ancestors.
I am not the man to let the ancient family tradition fall into disuse";
"When I have given this gift I shall,
on the breaking up of the body after death,
be reborn in the blissful heaven-world
"From this gift of mine,
my heart finds peace;
joy and gladness are gotten";
or, he gives to enrich and mellow his heart.
Monks, these are the eight grounds for giving.
 Chanda. Comy. pema, so perhaps affection.
 The text reads bhaya; but the Comy. garaha, blame.