Aṅguttara Nikāya

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Aṅguttara Nikāya
X. Dasaka-Nipāta
IV. Upāli Vagga

The Book of the Gradual Sayings
X. The Book of the Tens
IV: Upāli and Ānanda

Sutta 35

Saṅgha-Bheda Suttaɱ

Schism in the Order (a)[1]

Translated from the Pali by F. L. Woodward, M.A.

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[73] [53]

[1][bodh] Thus have I heard:

Once the Exalted One was dwelling near Sāvatthī.

Now the venerable Upāli came to see the Exalted One,
and on coming to him
saluted him
and sat down at one side.

So seated, he said this to the Exalted One:

"As to the words:

'Schism in the Order,
schism in the Order,'

sir - pray, sir,
to what extent can the Order be disunited?"[ed1]




'Herein, Upāli,
monks proclaim not-dhamma as dhamma
and dhamma as not-dhamma;

monks proclaim not-discipline as discipline

and discipline as not-discipline;

proclaim what was not said, not uttered by the Wayfarer
as being his words and utterance;

proclaim his words and utterance
as not said, not uttered;

proclaim what was not practised by the Wayfarer
as his practice,

and the reverse;

proclaim what was not ordained by the Wayfarer
as ordained by him,

and the reverse.

On these ten grounds
they break up and separate (the Order),[2]
they pass separate ordinances
and proclaim a separate obligation.[3]

To this extent, Upāli,
the Order is disunited.'


[1] Cf. Vin. ii, 203.

[2] Text avakassanti vavakassanti, which Comy. interprets 'pull down, disintegrate the company, set it aside.' Text Vin. ii, 203 reads apakasanti avapakasanti with the next words different. [Ed.: See also: the Rhys Davids/Oldenberg translation] Cf. A. iii, 145.

[3] Āveni. Comy. visuɱ (separate). At Ud. 60 of Devadatta.


[ed1] See: vp.03.cv.07.rdho.sbe.htm#p5 for the actual rules delineating the distinction between 'disunion' and 'schism'.

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