Distinguish between the Indriani, and the Balani thus: The indriaani are the forces in nature of sight, etc.; the balani are the abilities of an individual to use those forces, i.e., powers. See on this SN 5.48.9, where they are described as more or less identical; and SN 5.48.43 which more or less confirms this way of understanding the difference.
Sangiti Suttanta in Pali
PTS: Dialogs of the Buddha III, The Recital, 33.4.26, 33.7.09 T.W. and C.A.F. Rhys Davids, trans., pp201
WP: The Long Discourses of the Buddha, The Chanting Together, 33.4.26, 33.7.09 M. Walshe, trans., pp479
PTS: Anguttara-Nikaya, III, Book of the Fives, pp 1 ff. Edited by Prof. E. Hardy
The Book of the Gradual Sayings, III: The Book of the Fives, #1: The Powers in Brief E.M. Hare, trans., pp 1 ff.
AN 5.1: The Seeker's Allies, Olds, trans.
MN 12 The Ten Powers and the Four Confidences of the Tathaagata.
SN 5.48.43 which provides a simile by way of which it can be understood that the five forces (indriyani) can be thought of as the same thing as the five powers.
|Pali||MO||Hare||Horner||Punnaji||Bodhi||Nanamoli||Rhys Davids||(Mrs)Rhys Davids||Thanissaro||Walshe||Woodward|
|Bala||Power Tool AN 8.27 Ability, Enabler, Ally||Powers, attributesAN 8.27||Powers AN 8.27||powers DN 33.4.26||powers||strengths||powersDN 33.4.26|
|viriya||Energy, virility||energy||energy||Practice||energy||energy||energy||energy, effort||Persistence||energy||energy|
|hiri||Sense of Shame||Conscienciousness||sense of shame||shame||conscientiousness||conscientiousness||Moral Shame||Moral Shame||Sense of Shame|
|ottappa||Fear of Blame||Fear of Blame||fear of wrongdoing||fear of wrongdoing||discretion||discretion||Fear of Wrongdoing||Moral Dread||fear of blame|
|sati||Mental Satisfaction, Memory, Mind||mindfulness||mindfulness||Attentiveness||mindfulness||mindfulness||mindfulness||mindfulness||mindfulness||Mindfulness||Mindfulness|
|samaadhi||Getting High||concentration||concentration||Equilibrium, Mental Repose||concentration||concentration||rapture||concentration||concentration||Concentration||concentration|
|pa~n~naa||Wisdom||Insight||Intuitive Wisdom||understanding, penetrative awareness, the primal knowledge||wisdom||wisdom||Intelligence||Discernment||Wisdom|
Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede
Bala: [Vedic bala, most likely to Lat. de-bilis "without strength" (cp. E. debility, P. dubbala), and Gr. be/ltistos (superl.)=Sk. balis..tha the strongest....1. strength, power, force D II.73; A I.244...(one of the 4 blessings, viz. aayu, va.n.na, sukha, bala...)...- adj. bala strong...2. an army, military force...- Eight balaani or strong points are 1. of young children (ru.n.na-bala.m). 2. of womanhood (kodha-). 3. of robbers (aavudha-). 4. of kings (issariya-), 5. of fools (ujjhatti-). 6. of wise men (nijjhatti-). 7. of the deeply learned (pa.tisankhaana-). 8. of sama.nas and braahma.nas (khanti-)... -- Five balaani of women are: ruupabala.m, bhoga-, ~naati-, putta-, siila-... The five-fold force (bala.m pa~nca-vidha.m) of a king...consists of baahaabala.m strength of arms, bhoga- of wealth, amacca- of counsellors, abhijacca- of high birth, pa~n~naa- the force of wisdom; in the religious sense five balaani or powers are commonly enumd: saddhaabala.m, viriya-, sati-, samaadhi-, pa~n~naa- A III.12; D II.120; M II.12, III.296; S III.96, 153; IV.366, V.219, 249... They correspond to the 5 indriyaani and are developed with them...they are cultivated to destroy the five uddhambhaagiyaani sa.myojanaani S V.251. They are freq. referred to in instructions of the Buddha about the constituents of the "Dhamma," culminating in the eightfold Path, viz. cattaaro satipa.t.thaanaa, samappadhaanaa, cattaaro iddhipaadaa, pa~ncindriyani, p. balaani, sattabojjhangaani, ariyo a.t.thangiko maggo e. g. S III.96... Two balaani are specially mentioned A I.52 (pa.tisankhaanabala.m and bhaavanaa-), also D III.213, followed here by the other "pair" satibala.m and samaadhi-. There are four balaani of the ariyasaavaka, by which he overcomes the five fears (pa~nca bhayaani q. v.); the four are pa~n~naabala.m, viriya-, anavajja- sangaaha- A IV.363 sq., as given at A II.141, also the foll. 3 groups of cattaari balaani: -- (1) saddhaabala.m, viriya-, sati-, samaadhi-, cp. D III.229. -- (2) sati- samaadhi-, anavajja-, sangaaha-. (3) pa.tisankhaana-, bhaavanaa-, anavajja-, sangaaha-. -- For 4 balaani see also D III.229 note... The ten balaani of the Tathaagata consist of his perfect comprehension in ten fields of knowledge A V.32 sq.; M I.69...In a similar setting 10 powers are given as consisting in the knowledge of the Pa.ticcasamuppaada at S II.27, 28. ... There are seven balaani D III.253, and seven khii.naasava-balaani 283 i. e. saddhaabala.m, viriya-, sati-, samaadhi-, pa~n~naa-, hiri- and ottappa-.