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The Pali is transliterated as Velthuis (aaiiuu.m'n~n.t.d.n.l). Alternatives:
[ ASCII (aiumnntdnl) | IAST Unicode (āīūṃṅñṭḍṇḷ) ]




Distinguish between the Indriani, and the Balani thus: The indriaani are the forces in nature of sight, etc.; the balani are the abilities of an individual to use those forces, i.e., powers. See on this SN 5.48.9, where they are described as more or less identical; and SN 5.48.43 which more or less confirms this way of understanding the difference.


[DN 33]
Sangiti Suttanta in Pali
PTS: Dialogs of the Buddha III, The Recital, 33.4.26, 33.7.09 T.W. and C.A.F. Rhys Davids, trans., pp201
WP: The Long Discourses of the Buddha, The Chanting Together, 33.4.26, 33.7.09 M. Walshe, trans., pp479
[AN 5.1]
PTS: Anguttara-Nikaya, III, Book of the Fives, pp 1 ff. Edited by Prof. E. Hardy
The Book of the Gradual Sayings, III: The Book of the Fives, #1: The Powers in Brief E.M. Hare, trans., pp 1 ff.
AN 5.1: The Seeker's Allies, Olds, trans.
AN 10.21
MN 12 The Ten Powers and the Four Confidences of the Tathaagata.
SN 5.48.43 which provides a simile by way of which it can be understood that the five forces (indriyani) can be thought of as the same thing as the five powers.

Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
Bala Power Tool AN 8.27 Ability, Enabler, Ally Powers, attributesAN 8.27 Powers AN 8.27 powers DN 33.4.26 powers strengths powersDN 33.4.26
Saddhaa Faith, Trust Faith Faith Faith Faith Faith Conviction Faith
viriya Energy, virility energy energy Practice energy energy energy energy, effort Persistence energy energy
hiri Sense of Shame Conscienciousness sense of shame shame conscientiousness conscientiousness Moral Shame Moral Shame Sense of Shame
ottappa Fear of Blame Fear of Blame fear of wrongdoing fear of wrongdoing discretion discretion Fear of Wrongdoing Moral Dread fear of blame
sati Mental Satisfaction, Memory, Mind mindfulness mindfulness Attentiveness mindfulness mindfulness mindfulness mindfulness mindfulness Mindfulness Mindfulness
samaadhi Getting High concentration concentration Equilibrium, Mental Repose concentration concentration rapture concentration concentration Concentration concentration
pa~n~naa Wisdom Insight Intuitive Wisdom understanding, penetrative awareness, the primal knowledge wisdom wisdom Intelligence Discernment Wisdom


Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede


Bala: [Vedic bala, most likely to Lat. de-bilis "without strength" (cp. E. debility, P. dubbala), and Gr. be/ltistos (superl.)=Sk. balis..tha the strongest....1. strength, power, force D II.73; A I.244...(one of the 4 blessings, viz. aayu,, sukha, bala...)...- adj. bala strong...2. an army, military force...- Eight balaani or strong points are 1. of young children ( 2. of womanhood (kodha-). 3. of robbers (aavudha-). 4. of kings (issariya-), 5. of fools (ujjhatti-). 6. of wise men (nijjhatti-). 7. of the deeply learned (pa.tisankhaana-). 8. of sama.nas and braahma.nas (khanti-)... -- Five balaani of women are: ruupabala.m, bhoga-, ~naati-, putta-, siila-... The five-fold force (bala.m pa~nca-vidha.m) of a king...consists of baahaabala.m strength of arms, bhoga- of wealth, amacca- of counsellors, abhijacca- of high birth, pa~n~naa- the force of wisdom; in the religious sense five balaani or powers are commonly enumd: saddhaabala.m, viriya-, sati-, samaadhi-, pa~n~naa- A III.12; D II.120; M II.12, III.296; S III.96, 153; IV.366, V.219, 249... They correspond to the 5 indriyaani and are developed with them...they are cultivated to destroy the five uddhambhaagiyaani sa.myojanaani S V.251. They are freq. referred to in instructions of the Buddha about the constituents of the "Dhamma," culminating in the eightfold Path, viz. cattaaro satipa.t.thaanaa, samappadhaanaa, cattaaro iddhipaadaa, pa~ncindriyani, p. balaani, sattabojjhangaani, ariyo a.t.thangiko maggo e. g. S III.96... Two balaani are specially mentioned A I.52 (pa.tisankhaanabala.m and bhaavanaa-), also D III.213, followed here by the other "pair" satibala.m and samaadhi-. There are four balaani of the ariyasaavaka, by which he overcomes the five fears (pa~nca bhayaani q. v.); the four are pa~n~naabala.m, viriya-, anavajja- sangaaha- A IV.363 sq., as given at A II.141, also the foll. 3 groups of cattaari balaani: -- (1) saddhaabala.m, viriya-, sati-, samaadhi-, cp. D III.229. -- (2) sati- samaadhi-, anavajja-, sangaaha-. (3) pa.tisankhaana-, bhaavanaa-, anavajja-, sangaaha-. -- For 4 balaani see also D III.229 note... The ten balaani of the Tathaagata consist of his perfect comprehension in ten fields of knowledge A V.32 sq.; M I.69...In a similar setting 10 powers are given as consisting in the knowledge of the Pa.ticcasamuppaada at S II.27, 28. ... There are seven balaani D III.253, and seven khii.naasava-balaani 283 i. e. saddhaabala.m, viriya-, sati-, samaadhi-, pa~n~naa-, hiri- and ottappa-.


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