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Aŋguttaranikāyo
Catukkanipāto
XX: Mahā Vagga

Sutta 198

Tapa Suttaɱ

Adapted from the 1995 edition of the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series and proofed against, and mostly resolved to the Pali Text Society Anguttara-Nikaya edited by Rev. Richard Morris, M.A., LL.D.

 


 

[1][pts] Evaɱ me sutaɱ:|| ||

Ekaɱ samayaɱ Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

"Bhikkhavo" ti.|| ||

"Bhadante" ti te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuɱ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

2. Cattāro me bhikkhave puggalā santo saɱvijjamānā lokasmiɱ.|| ||

Katame cattāro?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo||
attantapo hoti attaparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto.|| ||

Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo||
parantapo hoti paraparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto.|| ||

Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo||
attantapo ca hoti attaparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto,||
parantapo ca hoti paraparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto.|| ||

Idha pana bhikkhave ekacco puggalo||
n'ev'attantapo hoti na attaparitāpanānuyogam anuyut- [206] to hoti||
na paraparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto||
so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭh'eva dhamve nicchāto nibbuto sītībhuto sukhapaṭisaɱvedī brahmabhutena attanā viharati.|| ||

 


 

2. Kathañ ca bhikkhave puggalo attantapo hoti,||
attaparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo acelako hoti||
muttācāro hatthāpalekhaṇo,||
na 'ehi bhadantiko'||
na 'tiṭṭha-bhadantiko nābhihaṭaɱ'||
na 'uddissakaṭaɱ'||
na 'nimantanaɱ sādiya' ti.|| ||

So na kumbhimukhā patigaṇhāti,||
na khaḷopimukhā patigaṇhāti,||
na eḷakamantaraɱ||
na daṇḍamantaraɱ||
na mūsalamantaraɱ||
na dvinnaɱ bhuñjamānānaɱ||
na gabbhinīyā||
na pāyamānāya||
na purisantaragatāya||
na saŋkittisu||
na yattha sā upaṭṭhito hoti,||
na yattha makkhikā saṇḍasaṇḍavāriṇī,||
na macchaɱ||
na maɱsaɱ,||
na suraɱ||
na merayaɱ||
na thusodakaɱ pivati.|| ||

So ekāgāriko vā hoti||
ekālopiko vā,||
dvāgāriko va hoti,||
dvālopiko vā,||
... pe ...,||
sattāgāriko va hoti||
sattālopiko vā.|| ||

Ekissā pi dattiyā yāpeti,||
dvihi pi dattīhi yāpeti,||
... pe ...,||
sattahi pi dattihi yāpeti.|| ||

Ekāhikam pi āhāraɱ ārāreti,||
dvāhikam pi āhāraɱ āhāreti,||
... pe ...,||
sattāhikam pi āhāraɱ āhāreti.|| ||

Iti evarūpaɱ addhamāsikam pi pariyāya-bhatta-bojanānuyogam anuyutto viharati.|| ||

So sāka-bhakkho pi hoti,||
sāmāka-bhakkho pi hoti,||
nīvāra-bhakkho pi hoti,||
daddula-bhakkho pi hoti,||
haṭa-bhakkho pi hoti,||
kaṇa-bhakkho pi hota,||
ācāma-bhakkho pi hoti,||
piññāka-bhakkho pi hoti,||
tiṇa-bhakkho pi hoti,||
gomaya-bhakkho pi hoti.|| ||

Vanamūlaphalāhāro yāpeti pavattaphalahoji.|| ||

So sāṇāni pi dhāreti,||
masāṇāni pi dhareti,||
chavadussāni pi dhāreti,||
paɱsukūlāni pi dhāreti,||
tīrīṭāni pi dhareti,||
ajināni pi dhāreti,||
ajinakkhipam pi dhāreti,||
kusacīram pi dhāreti,||
vākavīram pi dhāreti,||
phalakavīram pi dhāreti,||
kesakambalam pi dhāreti,||
vālakambalam pi dhāreti,||
ulūkapakkham pi dhāreti.|| ||

Kesamassulocako pi hoti||
kesamassulocanānuyogam anuyutto.|| ||

Ubbhaṭṭhako pi hoti||
āsanapaṭikkitto.|| ||

Ukkuṭiko pi hoti||
ukkuṭikappadhānām anuyutto.|| ||

Kaṇṭakāpassayiko pi hoti||
kaṇṭakāpassaye seyyaɱ kappeti.|| ||

Sāyatatiyakam piudakoro- [207] hanānuyogam anuyutto viharati.|| ||

Iti evarūpaɱ aneka-vihitaɱ kāyassa ātāpanaparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto viharati.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave puggalo attantapo hoti attaparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto.|| ||

 

§

 

3. Kathañ ca bhikkhave puggalo parantapo hoti paraparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo orabbhiko hoti sūkariko sākuntiko māgaviko luddo macchaghātako coro coraghātako bandhanāgāriko,||
ye vā pan'aññe pi ke ci kurūrakammantā.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave puggalo parantapo hoti paraparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto.|| ||

 

§

 

4. Kathañ ca bhikkhave puggalo attantapo ca hoti attaparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto,||
parantapo ca paraparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto?|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo rājā vā hoti khattiyo muddhāvasitto brāhmaṇo vā mahāsālo.|| ||

So puratthimena nagarassa navaɱ santhāgāraɱ kārāpetvā kesamassuɱ ohāretvā kharājinaɱ nivāsetvā sappitelena kāyaɱ abbhañjitvā migavisāṇena piṭṭhiɱ kaṇḍūvamāno santhāgāraɱ pavisati saddhiɱ mahesiyā brāhmaṇena ca purohitena.|| ||

So tattha anantarahitāya bhumiyā haritupalittāya seyyaɱ kappeti.|| ||

Ekissā gāviyā sarūpavacchāya||
yaɱ ekasmiɱ thane khīraɱ hoti,||
tena rājā yāpeti,||
yaɱ dutiyasmiɱ thane khīraɱ hoti,||
tena mahesī yāpeti,||
yaɱ tatiyasmiɱ thane khīraɱ hoti,||
tena brāhmaṇo purohito yāpeti,||
yaɱ catutthasmiɱ thane khīraɱ hoti,||
tena aggiɱ juhanti,||
avasesena vacchako yāpeti.|| ||

So evam āha:|| ||

'Ettakā usabhā haññantu yaññatthāya,||
ettakā vacchatarā haññantu yaññatthāya,||
ettakā vacchatariyo haññantu yaññatthāya,||
ettakā ajā haññantu yaññatthāya,||
ettakā urabbhā haññantu yaññatthāya,||
[ettakā assā haññantu yaññatthāya,]||
ettakā rukkhā chijjantu yūpatthāya,||
ettakā dabbā lūyantu barihisatthāyā' ti.|| ||

Ye pi' [208] ssa te honti dāsā ti vā pessā ti vā kammakarā ti vā,||
te pi daṇḍatajjitā bhayatajjitā assumukhā rudamānā parikammāni karonti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave puggalo attantapo ca hoti attaparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto||
parantapo ca hoti paraparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto.|| ||

 

§

 

5. Kathañ ca bhikkhave puggalo n'eva attantapo hoti||
na attaparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto,||
na parantapo hoti||
na paraparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto,||
so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭhe va dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītibhuto sukhapaṭisaɱvedī brahmabhutena attanā viharati?|| ||

6. Idha, bhikkhave, Tathāgato loke uppajjati arahaɱ sammāsambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathi satthā deva-manussānaɱ Buddho Bhagavā.|| ||

So imaɱ lokaɱ sadevakaɱ samārakaɱ sabrahmakaɱ,||
sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiɱ pajaɱ sadeva-manussaɱ sayaɱ abhiññā sacchikatvā pavedeti.|| ||

So dhammaɱ deseti||
ādikalyāṇaɱ||
majjhekalyāṇaɱ||
pariyosānakalyāṇaɱ||
sātthaɱ sabyañjanaɱ,||
kevalaparipuṇṇaɱ parisuddhaɱ||
brahmacariyaɱ pakāseti.|| ||

Taɱ dhammaɱ suṇāti gahapati vā||
gahapatiputto vā||
aññatarasmiɱ vā kule paccājāto,||
so taɱ dhammaɱ sutvā Tathāgate saddhaɱ paṭilabhati.|| ||

7. So tena saddhāpaṭilābhena samannāgato iti paṭisañcikkhati:|| ||

Sambādho gharāvāso rajāpatho abbhokāso pabbajjā,||
na yidaɱ sukaraɱ agāraɱ ajjhāvasatā ekantaparipuṇṇaɱ ekantaparisuddhaɱ saŋkhalikhitaɱ brahmacariyaɱ carituɱ,||
yan nūnāhaɱ kesamassuɱ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaɱ pabbajeyyan ti.|| ||

So aparena samayena appaɱ vā bhogakkhandhaɱ pahāya||
mahantaɱ vā bhogakkhandhaɱ pahāya,||
appaɱ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaɱ pahāya,||
mahantaɱ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaɱ pahāya,||
kesamassuɱ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaɱ pabbajati.|| ||

8. So evaɱ pabbajito samāno bhikkhunaɱ sikkhāsājivasamāpanno,||
pāṇātipātaɱ pahāya pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti,||
nihita-daṇḍo nihita-sattho lajjī dayāpanno sabbapāṇabhutahitānukampī viharati.|| ||

Adinnādānaɱ pahāya||
adinnādānā [209] paṭivirato hoti,||
dinnādāyī dinna-pāṭikaŋkhī athenena sucibhūtena attanā viharati.|| ||

Abrahmacariyaɱ pahāya||
brahmacārī hoti,||
ārā-cārī,||
virato methunā gāma-dhammā.|| ||

Musā-vādaɱ pahāya||
musā-vādā paṭivirato hoti,||
sacca-vādī sacca-sandho theto paccayiko avisaɱvādako lokassa.|| ||

Pisuṇaɱ vācaɱ pāhāya||
pisuṇāyā vācāya paṭivirato hoti,||
na ito sutvā amutra akkhātā imesaɱ bhedāya,||
amutra vā sutvā na imesaɱ akkhātā amusaɱ bhedāya,||
iti bhinnānaɱ vā sandhātā sahitānaɱ vā anuppadātā samaggārāmo samagga-rato samagga-nandī samagga-karaṇiɱ vācaɱ bhāsitā hoti,||
pharusaɱ vācaɱ pahāya pharusāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti,||
yā sā vācā neḷā kaṇṇa-sukhā pemanīyā hadayaŋ-gamā porī bahujanakantā bahujanamanāpā,||
tathā-rūpiɱ vācaɱ bhāsitā hoti.|| ||

Samphappalāpaɱ pahāya samphappalāpā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

Kāla-vādī||
bhūtavādī||
attha-vādī||
dhamma-vādī||
vinaya-vādī||
nidhānavatiɱ vācaɱ bhāsitā hoti kālena sāpadesaɱ pariyantavatiɱ atthasaɱhitaɱ.|| ||

9. So bījagāmabhūtagāmasamārambhā paṭivirato hoti,||
eka-bhattiko hoti rattuparato,||
virato vikāla-bhojanā,||
nacca-gīta-vādita-visūka-dassanā paṭivirato hoti,||
mālāgandha-vilepana-dhāraṇamaṇḍaṇa-vibhusanaṭṭhānā paṭivirato hoti,||
uccāsayana-mahāsayanā paṭivirato hoti,||
jātarūpa-rajata-paṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti,||
āmakadhaññapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti,||
āmakamaɱsapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti,||
itthikumārikāpaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti,||
dāsi-dāsa-paṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti,||
aj-eḷaka-paṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti,||
kukkuṭa-sūkara-paṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti,||
hatthigavāssavaḷavāpaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti,||
khetta-vatthu-paṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti,||
dūteyyapahiṇagamanānuyogā paṭivirato hoti,||
kaya-vikkayā paṭivirato hoti,||
tulākūṭakaɱsakūṭamānakūṭā paṭivirato hoti,||
ukkoṭanavañ-cananikatisāviyogā paṭivirato hoti,||
chedana-vadhabandhana-viparāmosa-ālopa-sahasākārā paṭivirato hoti.|| ||

10. So santuṭṭho hoti kāyaparihārikena cīvarena kucchiparihārikena piṇḍapātena,||
yena yen'eva pakkamati,||
samādāy'eva pakkamati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi nāma pakkhī sakuṇo,||
yena [210] yen'eva ḍeti,||
sapattabhārova ḍeti.|| ||

Evam eva bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti kāyaparihārikena cīvarena kucchiparihārikena piṇḍapātena||
yena yen'eva pakkamati,||
samādāyeva pakkamati.|| ||

So iminā ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato ajjhattaɱ anavajjasukhaɱ paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

11. So cakkhunā rūpaɱ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇam enaɱ cakkhundriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijajhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati||
rakkhati cakkhundriyaɱ,||
cakkhundriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Sotena saddaɱ sutvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇam enaɱ sotendriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati||
rakkhati sotendriyaɱ,||
sotendriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Ghāṇena gandhaɱ ghāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇam enaɱ ghāṇendriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati||
rakkhati ghāṇendriyaɱ,||
ghāṇendriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Jivhāya rasaɱ sāyitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇam enaɱ jivhendriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati||
rakkhati jivhendriyaɱ,||
jivhendriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Kāyena phoṭṭhabbaɱ phusitvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇam enaɱ kāyendriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati||
rakkhati kāyendriyaɱ,||
kāyendriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

Manasā dhammaɱ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti nānuvyañjanaggāhī,||
yatvādhikaraṇam enaɱ manindriyaɱ asaɱvutaɱ viharantaɱ abhijjhā, domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāsasaveyyuɱ,||
tassa saɱvarāya paṭipajjati||
rakkhati manindriyaɱ,||
manindriye saɱvaraɱ āpajjati.|| ||

So iminā ariyena indriya saɱvarena samannāgato ajjhattaɱ avyāsekasukhaɱ paṭisaŋvedeti.|| ||

12. So abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī hoti,||
ālokite vilokite sampajānakārī hoti,||
sammiñjite pasārite sampajānakārī hoti,||
saŋghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇe sampajānakārī hoti,||
asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajānakārī hoti,||
uccārapassāvakamme sampajānakārī hoti,||
gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhībhāve sampajānakārī hoti.|| ||

13. So iminā ca ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato iminā ca ariyena indriyasaɱvarena samannāgato iminā ca ariyena satisampajaññena samannāgato [imāya ca ariyāya santuṭṭhiyā samannāgato] vivittaɱ senāsanaɱ bhajati araññaɱ rukkhamūlaɱ pabbataɱ kandaraɱ giriɱ guhaɱ susānaɱ vanapatthaɱ abbhokāsaɱ palālapuñjaɱ.|| ||

So pacchābhattaɱ piṇḍapātapaṭikkanto nisīdati pallaŋkaɱ ābhujitvā ujuɱ kāyaɱ paṇidhāya parimukhaɱ satiɱ upaṭṭhapetvā.|| ||

So abhijjhaɱ loke pahāya vigatābhijjhena cetasā viharati,||
abhijjhāya cittaɱ parisodheti.|| ||

Vyāpādapadosaɱ pahāya avyāpannacitto viharati,||
sababapāṇabhutahitānukampī,||
vyāpādapadosā cittaɱ parisodheti.|| ||

Thīnamiddhaɱ [211] pahāya vigatathīnamiddho viharati,||
ālokasaññi sato sampajāno,||
thīnamiddhā cittaɱ parisodheti.|| ||

Uddhaccakukkuccaɱ pahāya anuddhato viharati,||
ajjajhattaɱ vupasantacitto||
uddhaccakukkuccā cittaɱ parisodheti.|| ||

Vicikicchaɱ pahāya tiṇṇavicikiccho viharati,||
akathaɱkathī kusalesu dhammesu,||
vicikicchāya cittaɱ parisodheti.|| ||

14. So ime pañcanīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe vivicc'eva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhamamehi savitakkaɱ savicāraɱ vivekajaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ paṭhamaɱ jajhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Vitakkavicārānaɱ vupasamā ajjhattaɱ sampasādanaɱ cetaso ekodī-bhāvaɱ avitakkaɱ avicāraɱ samādhijaɱ pīti-sukhaɱ dutiyaɱ jjhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati||
sato ca sampajāno,||
sukhañ ca kāyena paṭisaŋvedeti yaɱ taɱ ariyā āvikkhanti|| ||

'upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī'|| ||

ti tatiyajjhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubb'eva somanassa-domanassānaɱ attha-gamā adukkhaɱ-asukhaɱ upekkhā-sati-pārisuddhiɱ catutthajjhānaɱ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

15. So evaɱ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaŋgaṇe vigatupakkilese mudubhute kammaniye ṭhite ānejjappatte pubbenivāsānussatiñāṇāya cittaɱ abhininnāmeti.|| ||

So evaɱ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaŋgaṇe vigatupakkilese mudubhute kammaniye ṭhite ānejjappatte sattānaɱ cutupapātañāṇāya cittaɱ abhininnānameti.|| ||

So evaɱ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāto anaŋgaṇe vigatupakkilese mudubhute kammaniye ṭhite āsavānaɱ khayañāṇāya cittaɱ abhininnāmeti.|| ||

So 'Idaɱ dukkhan' ti yathābhutaɱ pajānāti,||
'Ayaɱ dukkhasamudayo' ti yathābhutaɱ pajānāti,||
'Ayaɱ dukkhanirodho' ti yathābhutaɱ pajānāti,||
'Ayaɱ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭapadā' ti yathābhutaɱ pajānāti.|| ||

'Ime āsavā' ti yathābhutaɱ pajānāti||
'Ayaɱ āsavasamūdayo' ti yathābhutaɱ pajānā ti,||
'Ayaɱ āsavanirodho' ti yathābhutaɱ pajānāti,||
'Ayaɱ āsavanirodhagāminī paṭipadā' ti yathābhutaɱ pajānā ti.|| ||

Tass'evaɱ jānato evaɱ passato kāmāsavā pi cittaɱ vimuccati,||
bhavāsavā pi cittaɱ vimuccati,||
avijjāsavā pi cittaɱ vimuccati,||
vimuttasmiɱ vimuttamiti ñāṇaɱ hoti.|| ||

Khīṇā jāti vusitaɱ brahmacariyaɱ kataɱ karaṇīyaɱ nāparaɱ itthattāyāti pajānāti.|| ||

Evaɱ kho bhikkhave puggalo n'eva attantapo hoti na attaparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto,||
na parantapo hoti na paraparitāpanānuyogam anuyutto.|| ||

So anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭhe va dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhuto sukhapaṭisaɱvedī brahmabhutena attanā viharati.|| ||

Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro puggalā santo saɱvijjamānā lokasmin" ti.|| ||

 


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