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Distinguish between the Indriani, and the Balani thus: The indriyāni are the forces in nature of sight, etc.; the balani are the abilities of an individual to use those forces, i.e., powers. See on this SN 5.48.9, where they are described as more or less identical; and SN 5.48.43 which more or less confirms this way of understanding the difference.


[DN 33]
Sangiti Suttanta in Pali
PTS: Dialogs of the Buddha III, The Recital, 33.4.26, 33.7.09 T.W. and C.A.F. Rhys Davids, trans., pp201
WP: The Long Discourses of the Buddha, The Chanting Together, 33.4.26, 33.7.09 M. Walshe, trans., pp479
[AN 5.1]
PTS: Anguttara-Nikaya, III, Book of the Fives, pp 1 ff. Edited by Prof. E. Hardy
The Book of the Gradual Sayings, III: The Book of the Fives, #1: The Powers in Brief E.M. Hare, trans., pp 1 ff.
AN 5.1: The Seeker's Allies, Olds, trans.
AN 10.21
MN 12 The Ten Powers and the Four Confidences of the Tathāgata.
SN 5.48.43 which provides a simile by way of which it can be understood that the five forces (indriyani) can be thought of as the same thing as the five powers.
AN 4 153-155

Pali MO Hare Horner Punnaji Bodhi Nanamoli Rhys Davids (Mrs)Rhys Davids Thanissaro Walshe Woodward
Bala Power Tool AN 8.27 Ability, Enabler, Ally Powers, attributesAN 8.27 Powers AN 8.27 powers DN 33.4.26 powers strengths powers [DN 33.4.26] Powers [AN 4 153-155]
Saddhā Faith, Trust Faith Faith Faith Faith Faith Conviction Faith
viriya Energy, virility energy energy Practice energy energy energy energy, effort Persistence energy energy
hiri Sense of Shame Conscienciousness sense of shame shame conscientiousness conscientiousness Moral Shame Moral Shame Sense of Shame
ottappa Fear of Blame Fear of Blame fear of wrongdoing fear of wrongdoing discretion discretion Fear of Wrongdoing Moral Dread fear of blame
sati Mind, Memory, Mental Satisfaction mindfulness mindfulness Attentiveness mindfulness mindfulness mindfulness mindfulness mindfulness Mindfulness Mindfulness
samādhi Serenity, Getting High concentration concentration Equilibrium, Mental Repose concentration concentration rapture concentration concentration Concentration concentration
paññā Wisdom Insight Intuitive Wisdom understanding, penetrative awareness, the primal knowledge wisdom wisdom Intelligence Discernment Wisdom


Pali Text Society
Pali English Dictionary
Edited by T. W. Rhys Davids and William Stede


Bala: [Vedic bala, most likely to Lat. de-bilis "without strength" (cp. E. debility, P. dubbala), and Gr. be/ltistos (superl.)=Sk. balis.ṭha the strongest....1. strength, power, force D II.73; A I.244...(one of the 4 blessings, viz. āyu, vaṇṇa, sukha, bala...)...- adj. bala strong...2. an army, military force...- Eight balāni or strong points are 1. of young children (ruṇṇa-balaṃ). 2. of womanhood (kodha-). 3. of robbers (āvudha-). 4. of kings (issariya-), 5. of fools (ujjhatti-). 6. of wise men (nijjhatti-). 7. of the deeply learned (paṭisankhāna-). 8. of samaṇas and brāhmaṇas (khanti-)... -- Five balāni of women are: rūpabalaṃ, bhoga-, ñāti-, putta-, sīla-... The five-fold force (balaṃ pañca-vidhaṃ) of a king...consists of bāhābalaṃ strength of arms, bhoga- of wealth, amacca- of counsellors, abhijacca- of high birth, paññā- the force of wisdom; in the religious sense five balāni or powers are commonly enumd: saddhābalaṃ, viriya-, sati-, samādhi-, paññā- A III.12; D II.120; M II.12, III.296; S III.96, 153; IV.366, V.219, 249... They correspond to the 5 indriyāni and are developed with them...they are cultivated to destroy the five uddhambhāgiyāni saṃyojanāni S V.251. They are freq. referred to in instructions of the Buddha about the constituents of the "Dhamma," culminating in the eightfold Path, viz. cattāro satipaṭṭhānā, samappadhānā, cattāro iddhipādā, pañcindriyani, p. balāni, sattabojjhangāni, ariyo aṭṭhangiko maggo e. g. S III.96... Two balāni are specially mentioned A I.52 (paṭisankhānabalaṃ and bhāvanā-), also D III.213, followed here by the other "pair" satibalaṃ and samādhi-. There are four balāni of the ariyasāvaka, by which he overcomes the five fears (pañca bhayāni q. v.); the four are paññābalaṃ, viriya-, anavajja- sangāha- A IV.363 sq., as given at A II.141, also the foll. 3 groups of cattāri balāni: -- (1) saddhābalaṃ, viriya-, sati-, samādhi-, cp. D III.229. -- (2) sati- samādhi-, anavajja-, sangāha-. (3) paṭisankhāna-, bhāvanā-, anavajja-, sangāha-. -- For 4 balāni see also D III.229 note... The ten balāni of the Tathāgata consist of his perfect comprehension in ten fields of knowledge A V.32 sq.; M I.69...In a similar setting 10 powers are given as consisting in the knowledge of the Paṭiccasamuppāda at S II.27, 28. ... There are seven balāni D III.253, and seven khīṇāsava-balāni 283 i. e. saddhābalaṃ, viriya-, sati-, samādhi-, paññā-, hiri- and ottappa-.


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